Saturday, June 27, 2020
Classification Essay Writing Made Easy If you were assigned a classification essay and do not know where to begin, donÃ¢â¬â¢t worry, itÃ¢â¬â¢s actually one of the easier types of essays you can write and is a great way to improve your writing skills. So you can use the classification essay assignment as an opportunity to make your writing better. With a few simple guidelines you can also make your classification essays great. What is a Classification Essay First, what is a classification essay anyway? Sounds dull and boring but it doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t have to be. A classification essay just means that you are writing an essay that classifies things. So you could classify food into Proteins, Carbs, and Vegetables. Or you could classify drinks into Soda, Beer, and Wine. The possibilities are limitless and soon you will see that classification essays are potentially limitless and that you might actually start using them on your own. How do you write a Classification Essay Although classification essays are not the most commonly assigned types of essay, they are more relevant in some classes than others and can be particularly common in English composition classesÃ¢â¬âwhich is why you need to learn how to write a classification essay. 1. What is the topic? What items are you going to classify? Before you even start to write your essay, you need to get clear in your head what it is you are going to write about. Is it classifying countries according to their exports? Classifying music or film according to genre? Classifying animals into their genus? A classification essay means you are classifying, of course, which is another way of saying that you are sticking things into their respective categories. So if you think of a classification essay as a categorization essay, you would not be wrong. Think about three different categories you can divide some stuff into. YouÃ¢â¬â¢ll understand why three is the magic number of categories in a minute. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t think too hard, and donÃ¢â¬â¢t worryÃ¢â¬âjust consider how you can group the items or concepts in a way that makes sense to you. The best way to pick a topic is to start with a broad parent category that has lots of diversity within it. Need some ideas? Ideas and Explanations 1. Food. This is one of the easiest subjects to classify. You could classify food into national cuisine types like Italian, Indian, and Chilean. Or, you could classify food into Breakfast foods, Lunch foods, and Dinner foods. Another approach is to classify foods into their nutritional categories such as Fats, Carbohydrates, and Proteins. You could even do Sweet foods, Spicy foods, and Salty foods. With food as a parent topic, your options for classification are nearly limitless! 2. Animals. Animal subjects are also easy to classify because of the great diversity in the animal kingdom. For example, you could classify animals according to their main classes of mammal, bird, and reptile. You could also write about different species within the same class such as Shore Birds, Birds of Prey, and Songbirds. As with food, the animal parent group offers a lot of opportunity for categorization. 3. Music. Because of the vast variety of music around the world, music categories are also easy for you to write about. Consider classifying European music according to historical epoch: the Renaissance, Classical, and Modern periods. Or, you could classify music into popular genres like rock, hip-hop, and jazz. You might even be able to classify each specific genre into sub-categories like dividing the rock category into punk, metal, and blues-rock. Once you start thinking like a classifier, you will have in mind exactly what you are writing about, and you are ready to go to the next step, which isÃ¢â¬ ¦ Outline You might hate doing outlines, but an outline is going to help you like nothing else will when writing a classification essay. Without an outline, you are wandering around a strange city without a map. An outline keeps you on track, headed in the right direction, and prevents you from making any wrong turns. So letÃ¢â¬â¢s start outlining. You remember the basic five-paragraph essay structure, right? It consists of three main parts: introduction, body, and conclusion: Introduction Body Conclusion Your outline will start with these basic three elements but you will expand those into five elements as shown here. Remember you were supposed to find three different groups or categories for your items? Now is the time to assign one body paragraph to each of those three categories. Introduction Body Paragraph 1/Category 1 Body Paragraph 2/Category 2 Body Paragraph 3/Category 3 Conclusion You could then consider the individual items that will be placed in each of those three categories: Introduction Body Paragraph 1/Category 1 Item 1 Item 2 Item 3 Body Paragraph 2/Category 2 Item 1 Item 2 Item 3 Body Paragraph 3/Category 3 Item 1 Item 2 Item 3 Conclusion Example Outline: I. Introduction A. Music is one of the most important aspects of American culture. B. Because of the multicultural nature of American society, there have emerged different categories of homegrown music. Thesis: The three main categories or genres of American music include blues, jazz, and hip-hop. II. Category 1: Blues is one of the most important musical styles that was born in the United States. A. Item 1: Delta Blues B. Item 2: Chicago Blues C. Item 3: Blues-Rock III. Category 2: Jazz is a genre of music that evolved similarly to the blues, from African-American culture. A. Item 1: Ragtime and Swing B. Item 2: Be-Bop C. Item 3: Acid Jazz IV. Category 3: Hip-hop emerged in African-American communities in the United States, especially in New York. A. Item 1: Early (Electro and Funk) Hip-Hop in the 80s B. Item 2: Gangsta Rap in the 90s C. Item 3: Underground Hip-Hop V. Conclusion The three main categories of American music, blues, jazz, and hip-hop, came from African-American culture. Thesis Statements Now that you have roughly conceptualized your ideas and grouped your items accordingly, you can start putting that big brain of yours to work. Writing instructors love, love, love thesis statements. You need to write a thesis statement now, because if you donÃ¢â¬â¢t, your classification essay will not make the grade. How do you write a thesis statement for a classification essay? Usually thesis statements are strongly argumentative, so that you can prove a point using logic. However, a classification essay is not an argumentative or persuasive essay. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s just a classification essay and because of that, your thesis statement can be something simple like: ExampleÃ Thesis for a Simple Classification Essay: American music can be divided into three main categories: blues, jazz, and hip-hop. Simple. In rare cases, a more advanced writing assignment might call for a more advanced thesis statement in which you are expected to make an argument based on the categories. You could simply add a strong opinion to your thesis as in: Example Thesis for an Advanced Classification Essay: The three best types of American music include blues, jazz, and hip-hop. Essay TopicsÃ Below are sample classification essay topicsÃ along with their respective thesis statements, which you can actually write about or use to help you brainstorm. 1. Three types of American music include blues, jazz, and hip-hop. 2. The three best global cuisines are all from Asia and include Korean, Cantonese, and Thai. 3. Fruity desserts can be classified into three types: those that use orchard fruits, those that use berries, and those that use citrus fruits. 4. The three main leadership styles include transformational, authoritarian, and democratic. 5. The three best beer styles include rauchbier, lambic, and IPA. 6. Bavarian beers can be divided into three main categories: pale lagers, weizenbiers, and dark lagers. 7. Meals of the day can be classified into three main types: breakfast, lunch, and dinner. 8. Cosmetics can be classified into three main types: eye products, foundations and concealers, and lip products. 9. The three most important categories of nuts include hard-shell nuts, tree nuts, and ground nuts. 10. Three classifications of essay include an argumentative essay, compare/contrast essay, and classification essay. 11. The three most common genres of popular fiction in the English language include mystery or crime, romance, and science fiction and fantasy. 12. Movies can be classified into three main categories: big budget Hollywood films, independent and small budget films, and art films. 13. Three of the most popular movie genres include action, romance, and sci-fi. 14. Rock music can be divided into three main categories: blues-rock, punk, and metal. 15. Days are classified according to whether they are work days, weekend days, or holidays. 16. The three career categories for a person who is interested in psychology include counseling, clinical psychology, and neuroscience. 17. Drugs can be classified into the following categories: stimulants, depressants, and psychedelics. 18. The three most common parenting styles include laissez-faire, authoritarian, and authoritative. 19. American history can be classified into the colonial era, the antebellum period, and the modern era. 20. The three prominent categories of 20th century art include Post-Impressionism, Pop Art, and Conceptual Art. 21. Portable electronic devices can be classified mainly into laptops, tablets, and smartphones, with each presenting unique challenges for the developer. 22. The three classifications of business type include sole proprietorship, partnership, and corporation. 23. Ethics can be grouped into three main categories including deontological ethics, virtue ethics, and consequentialist ethics. 24. The three types of democratic political systems include the parliamentary system, the republican or presidential system, and the mixed or hybrid system. 25. In the United States, there are three categories of Judaism: Orthodox, Conservative, and Reform. ExampleÃ Classification Essay Students considering a career in psychology have several career options for when they graduate. Before students consider applying to a graduate school in psychology, it helps to understand the three main types of psychological inquiry and to pursue an appropriate program. The three main categories for a person who is interested in psychology include counseling and clinical psychology, psychiatry, and neuroscience. Counseling and clinical psychology refers to the branches of psychology that works directly with people with the goal of helping them with problems or mental health issues. Examples of counseling psychology jobs include being a counselor at a school, or having a private counseling or life coaching practice. Clinical psychologists tend to work more in a clinical setting such as a mental health institute, or researching different mental health issues like schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. There are many different theoretical approaches to the work of counseling and clinical psychology including psychoanalysis in the Freudian tradition, cognitive-behavioral therapy, and positive psychology. A student who wishes to become a counseling or clinical psychologist can apply for a Masters and/or PhD program. Psychiatry refers to the branch of psychology that focuses on pharmacological interventions to mental health issues. For example, a psychiatrist would prescribe anti-depressants or anti-psychotics to patients who have been diagnosed with a clinical mental health disorder. Psychiatrists work with clinical and other types of psychologists but rarely provide the Ã¢â¬Å"talking therapyÃ¢â¬ that a counselor would provide. Although psychiatry can be combined with other types of psychology, it is a special area of study that requires attendance in medical school, which is why a student of psychology needs to know whether the field is right for them. Psychiatrists specialize in prescribing the latest research-based medications and interventions that other psychologists cannot prescribe. Stuck Writing Your Classification Essay? View All Our Example Classification Essays Have A Custom Example Essay Written Neuroscience is a branch of psychology that is focused on the study of the human brain. For example, a neuroscientist might study the effect of anger on the release of brain chemicals or hormones in the brain. A neuroscientist might also study the effect of specific drugs on the brain. Neuroplasticity is another field unique to neuroscience. Often, neuroscience is combined with cognitive psychology to study how the brain and mind interact, and whether it is possible to learn more about human consciousness. Unlike other types of psychology, neuroscience will rarely involve working directly with people, which is why a student who wants to become a neuroscientist will need to be comfortable in a laboratory environment. Psychology can be divided into three main fields: counseling or clinical psychology, psychiatry, and neuroscience. Each of these fields offers exciting possibilities for the student interested in psychology. However, before applying to graduate school, the student should research each of these career categories to make appropriate decisions. Conclusion Now you should have a better idea of how to write an effective classification essay. The process is similar to writing other types of essays, and as with anything, practice makes perfect. Happy writing!
Tuesday, May 26, 2020
Clo Essay Samples - Is it a Scam? This can be accomplished by the company doing an exhaustive review of their salary to ensure the CEOs compensation package remains competitive. Be precise with the things which you will place in the document especially in the event the report is going to be used for business transactions. As a result of high competition, companies have gotten aggressive in regard to compensating their workers from the top management to the minimal amount of management. Most companies are known to poach decent CEO from companies which are performing better. Possessing a strong resume will permit you find quite a few great jobs. Salaries work as a means of differentiating roles and purpose of distinct people within the organization, with high salaries people can identify with their task thus results in the attainment of personal targets and the organizational targets. Transportation jobs involve plenty of responsibility and your resume will want to reflect you can deal with that. If you're attempting to obtain work in accounting or finance you require averystrong resume. The Benefits of Clo Essay Samples It's very beneficial to take writing apart as a way to see just the way that it accomplishes its objectives. Writing a strong application is a difficult procedure and we would like to make it simpler. GED Online lets you prepare for the GED test by utilizing online classes and practice tests. Practice tests are the best method to receive ready. The Pain of Clo Essay Samples Possessing good essay examples provides the reader an in-depth and on-the-court idea about what a well structured and coherent essay appears like. There's quite a few essays completed by them. Some students find plenty of difficulty writing the essay, even if they can come across strong points. To tell the truth, it was just at the 3rd reading that I managed to begin my very first sketch note. The introduction is the initial paragraph of an official essay and ought to include three things. Record the last buret reading. You are going to be exposed to a good deal of thinking which is extremely important once you write. Unique things to various individuals, since the situation demanded. This attitude makes it possible to in better decision-making. If you'll create any sort of written examples, you have to assure people are well aware on where to use them, how to use them, and why it's crucial for them to refer to the example which you have made. Perhaps while looking for examples you noticed poor samples all around the internet. The document might be written in free form, but it's better if the author utilizes the particular structure. You need to read the example answers to acquire ideas about what are good forms of answers and what are bad kinds of answers. Among the examples of documents that are required to be keenly written is a report. Life, Death, and Clo Essay Samples The truth is my college doesn't have any facility like that, but I want to study physics in more detail. Also show you're a well-rounded worker. However, this doesn't isolate students by forcing them to work with only those people who follow their precise discipline. May it be students who should pass academic requirements or employees that are tasked to submit a written report, there'll always be a reason people will write within the reach of their functions and duties. The subject of information technology gets more important every single day. They might not have an AMOLED screen, but they're sporting the newest display screen technology you can compete with this. Whether you're a chef, server, or host, you can take advantage of this sample to compose your own. Must submit a hyperlink to an on-line portfolio, or upload 3 samples at the period of application. Introducing Clo Essay Samples Other individuals think that technology has improved the standard of life. Experience is the most important in this business, so writing a resume that highlights your previous work is essential. Writing a resume for employment in the art industry can be difficult. Thirdly, you need to ensure the validity of writing. Clo Essay Samples - the Conspiracy However, they'll be different based on the job you're applying for. The might not be in a position to do standing transfers, which might lead to the loss of independence. Students should choose which position they need to take based upon the amount and caliber of the points they're in a position to come up with to support their position. The student has had an operation and might not have the ability to continue the therapy for a specific quantity of time. Ok, I Think I Understand Clo Essay Samples, Now Tell Me About Clo Essay Samples! Writing documents is already part of the lives of individua ls. Research on the items of discussion which you will present so your report will be dependent upon facts. The author starts with a rather thorough story of an event or description of an individual or place. Along with just science, I'm drawn to State University for different factors. Job seekers deserve to locate decent content quickly. Regrettably, the Medical College doesn't have enough resources for the growth of my projects. Thus, State University isn't only the ideal location for me, it is the sole location for me. Technology is very much part of contemporary life.
Monday, May 18, 2020
Sarah Chapman Professor Luscheck Honors 322 14 December 2014 Devotio Moderna and its Influence on the Ghent Altarpiece Devotio Moderna is marked by contradictions that render it almost impossible to adequately categorize it. John Van Engen states Ã¢â¬Å"historians have had trouble finding ways to fit [Devotio Moderna] in. Fifteenth-century histories tried to place them back in the millennium-old framework of medieval religious ordersÃ¢â¬ ¦sixteenth-century princes and prelatesÃ¢â¬ ¦found little place for [the movement],Ã¢â¬ and that more modern scholars consider the followers of the movement to be Ã¢â¬Å"on the cusp of changeÃ¢â¬ ¦emblems of transition, if not its agentsÃ¢â¬ (Van Engen, Sisters and Brothers, 4). As such, Devotio Moderna has appeared to scholars as a particularly problematic area of study; at once accessible and unapproachable (6), with critical and academic responses throughout the past centuries ranging from considering it to be Ã¢â¬Å"a turning point, perhaps the turning point, in European historyÃ¢â¬ (3) to havi ng Ã¢â¬Å"little relevance outside local historyÃ¢â¬ (4). Yet, as Devotio Moderna produced the second-most translated books in human history, the most important devotional work (aside from the Bible) in Catholic Christianity (Miola 285), and as Devotio Moderna was actively practiced for nearly two hundred years in the Lowlands, it is difficult for one not to be curious about this mystifying movement. Surely, if its writings were so wildly popular and far-reaching, the movement was not without
Friday, May 15, 2020
Ã¢â¬Å"Maybe we all have in us a secret pond where evil and ugly things germinate and grow strong. But this culture is fenced, and the swimming brood climbs up only to fall back. Might it not be that in the dark pools of some men the evil grows strong enough to wriggle over the fence and swim free? Would not such a man be our monster, and are we related to him in our hidden water?Ã¢â¬ (Steinbeck 133). The novel, East of Eden, by John Steinbeck, interprets that every human being since Cain and Abel has struggled with the choice between good and evil. He dramatizes the conflict between wickedness and purity within the Trask family and the main characters of the novel struggle with the inheritance of sin. Cyrus, the father of the Trask family, chooses evil by stealing money during his time in the Army. Charles, succumbs to jealousy of his brother, Adam. Cathy chooses evil at every opportunity she gets by manipulating and wounding others for her own pleasure. Cal, finds out about his familyÃ¢â¬â¢s history of sin and worries that he will inherit his motherÃ¢â¬â¢s evil, yet throughout the novel he is caught in between two choices of purity or wickedness. With his two choices, Cal uses his power of decision to support the novel by connecting wicked with innocence. Genesis chapter four verse one talks about Adam and Eve, who birth two sons by the names of Cain and Able. Able managed the flocks and Cain managed the fruits, which he brought forth as an offering to the Lord. Now Able did the same, butShow MoreRelatedJohn Steinbeck s East Of Eden1087 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesimpression on his sons, John Steinbeck portrays experiences he acquired from his childhood in the novel East of Eden through the charactersÃ¢â¬â¢ conflicts and actions to encourage them to write their own story not dictated by their roots. Steinbeck admits in Journal of a Novel: The East of Eden Letters that he Ã¢â¬Å"hopes his two young sons will find meaning in life when they grow and acquire the experiences to understand.Ã¢â¬ Steinbeck s failure to feel accepted, accept his father s failures, and failure toRead MoreJohn Steinbeck s East Of Eden1279 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesHistory, is the story among which all literary works are linked to, and this statement is true more than any other in John SteinbeckÃ¢â¬â¢s East of Eden. Whether one believes that all stories in the Bible have actually happened or not, at least some concepts of them did. How would a writer arrive at the ideas of two brothers and jealousy of love, without having seen it or felt it before? Yet again, how would these ideas survive for so long, unless many people felt them as well and connected to them. TheRead MoreJohn Steinbeck s East Of Eden1072 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages once the illusion is destroyed, it also destroys him. Similarly, John Steinbeck explores the double-edged sword of deception, wielded by both children and adults, in his novel East of Eden. Just as the masks that society wears, multiple characters throughout the story at first originally incapable of committing a sin as great as deceit due to their innocent introductions. Despite this initial virtuosity, SteinbeckÃ¢â¬â¢s East of Eden evinces humanityÃ¢â¬â¢s contrasting and inherent dependence upon selfishRead MoreRe ligion By John Steinbeck s East Of Eden1379 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesReligion is a central theme in John SteinbeckÃ¢â¬â¢s East of Eden. Religion constantly appears through the similarities between the Cain and Abel story, the Hebrew word timshel, and the presence of God and Fate in the novel. Throughout the book, the characters struggle with the ideas of good and evil, and choice and freewill. As the story unfolds and progresses, we see the characters deal with these things with religion being the base and the root that the book lays upon. The biblical story of Cain andRead MoreJohn Steinbeck s East Of Eden1742 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesI. SUBJECT John SteinbeckÃ¢â¬â¢s East of Eden centers on the Trask and Hamilton families in the year 1902 in the Salinas Valley, California. After growing up in Connecticut alongside his brother Charles under the harsh parenting and rejection of his father, Adam Trask seeks to find happiness and peace. He vows to be a better man than his father and feels the rolling valleys of California calling him. One night, Cathy Ames crawls onto the doorstep of Adam and CharlesÃ¢â¬â¢ home after her boyfriend attemptedRead MoreJohn Steinbeck s East Of Eden893 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesA central question raised by John SteinbeckÃ¢â¬â¢s East of Eden is whether it is possible to triumph over evil, answered by the discussion of free will and inherited sin. The idea of Ã¢â¬Å"timshelÃ¢â¬ is canvassed through the struggles of Caleb Ã¢â¬Å"CalÃ¢â¬ Trask. The concept of inherited sin is illustrated through the actions of Cyrus Trask, Charles Trask, and Cathy/Kate Trask. Although Cal is seemingly Ã¢â¬Å"bornÃ¢â¬ into evil, he struggles against what he sees as his inherited evil from his mother and is eventually ableRead MoreJohn Steinbeck s East Of Eden1763 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesEast of Eden, written by John Steinbeck, is a profound, complicated retelling of the biblical story of Cain and Abel, focused around the overall struggle between good and evil . John Steinbeck wrote this for his own sons, John and Tom, to show them not only the history of their family in the Hamiltons, but also the concept of sibling rivalry emerging from the competition over paternal love and acceptance (Shillinglaw). This was first evident in Adam and Charles Trask, and then in AdamÃ¢â¬â¢s sons, AronRead MoreSetting in John SteinbeckÃ ´s East of Eden1083 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesJohn SteinbeckÃ¢â¬â¢s, East of Eden, is set in the Salinas Valley, a secluded area of Northern California. The Salinas River runs through this beautiful, yet unforgiving land and provides ferti lity to the dry land. While the valley has a rich geographical history spanning from sea, to forest, and then to the present day valley, it is a difficult destination to find prosperity. Two dramatic mountain ranges form the landscape of the valley that the author uses to exemplify the idea of good and evil. ThisRead MoreThe Novel The Scarlet Letter And John Steinbeck s East Of Eden813 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesthemselves, in addition to society and others. In short, Ã¢â¬Å"when someone lies, someone losesÃ¢â¬ (Ericsson 121); This is apparent in works such as Stephanie EricssonÃ¢â¬â¢s essay Ã¢â¬Å"The Ways We Lie,Ã¢â¬ Nathaniel HawthorneÃ¢â¬â¢s novel The Scarlet Letter, and John SteinbeckÃ¢â¬â¢s novel East of Eden. In order to illustrate the self-degradation in lying, Ericsson recalls a time when she lended money to a Ã¢â¬Å"friend.Ã¢â¬ By putting up a facade, he appeared to have Ã¢â¬Å"all the right looks, and the right words, and offered lots of new consciousnessRead MoreBiblical Allusion Of John Steinbeck s East Of Eden1249 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Introduction: In the novel, East of Eden by John Steinbeck, biblical allusion is a literary device that references characteristics of judeo christian doctrine. Steinbeck alludes to the bible with his characters and setting in East of Eden. Salinas Valley and Adam TraskÃ¢â¬â¢s garden allude to the Garden of Eden. Steinbeck portrays the biblical allusion of the chapter Genesis from the bible throughout the book. The characters in the novel are allude to those in the book of Genesis. SteinbeckÃ¢â¬â¢s characters
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
The stages of social play is a theory that is composed by Mildred Parten. In 1932, she conducted a study of children from ages of 2 to 4 years old. The goal of her experiment was to identify the interaction of children among peers and influences of play. There are 6 stages of social play behavior; unoccupied, onlooker, solitary independent, parallel activity, associative play, and cooperative organized play. All of these stages were represented in my observation of the toddlers play with one another. The first 3 behaviors of social play correlated to a childÃ¢â¬â¢s independence involved to social play among his or her peers. Those behaviors are unoccupied, onlooker, and solitary independence. First, the behavior of a child may not engage inÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The child may play beside groups, but not be totally in the group. Second, the child may play with other children. The child will have a conversation and interaction with designing and playing games. Lastly, the beh avior of the child may play in groups that are organized by order of constructing or accomplishing objectives in the games. For example, the game of freeze play or tag is a game that has an objective, which is to tag the other person before someone does the action to the other. On September 28, I observed 2 to 4 year olds at the Child Development Lab that is overseen by Tennessee Technological University. I arrived at the classroom at 4:00 p.m. Most of the kids were energetic, but a few of the kids were quiet. The number of kids were 5 boys and 2 girls in the classroom. Until, the teacher decides to take the kids outside for free play. The children were combined from the other classes to join for recess. The teacher had set rules for the children. As the children waited for the teacher, they sat on the yellow line of the concrete step in front of the gate. After, the teacher checks who all is present at the playground, then the kids are permitted to play. All the kids started running throughout the playground and sectioned off into groups or stood by themselves. All the children were different with social play, but I share two stages that were represented in social
Kaleb Erhardt Allen World History 101 20 April 2015 Diseases have always been a threat to humans, all throughout history. One of the most destructive disease outbreaks in history was the plague outbreak which peaked in 1346 to 1353, in Europe, commonly known as the Black Death. This plague outbreak was extremely deadly and killed 30-60% of the European population at the time of the outbreak. The outbreak is commonly believed to have been caused by the bubonic plague, but modern evidence suggests that the Black Death was caused by pneumonic plague, a much more contagious and deadly infection. The Black Death was the second major plague outbreak in history, the first being the Justinian Plague in 541. The Black Death is believed to have been started in Central Asia. It was then spread to Europe with trade and attacks from Mongol armies. Most notable of these attacks was an attack on the major trade city of Caffa. Many believe that during the Siege of Caffa in 1346 Mongols catapulted infected bodies into the city, as an ear ly form of biological warfare, but the exact method of the outbreaks entrance into Europe is unknown, as research on the Siege of Caffa has shown: Ã¢â¬Å"Based on published translations of the deÃ¢â¬â¢ Mussi manuscript, other 14th-century accounts of the Black Death, and secondary scholarly literature, I conclude that the claim that biological warfare was used at Caffa is plausible and provides the best explanation of the entry of plague into the city. This theory isShow MoreRelatedThe London Plague Of 1348 And 16651692 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe London Plagues of 1348 and 1665 The London Plagues refers to two periods of disease outbreak in England. One plague, the Black Death, began in 1348. Another plague, the Great Plague, began in 1665. Both of these outbreaks killed a substantial amount of the population at the time. The plague exists in two forms: bubonic and pneumonic. A bubonic plague is spread by flea bites and results in painful sores on the body. A pneumonic form of the plague is airborne and spread by coughing and sneezingRead MoreBubonic Plague766 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesI. Thesis Statement: The symptoms of the bubonic plague spread rapidly causing outbreaks and identifying the need for modern science to deal with epidemics. II. Topic Sentence: The bubonic plague or otherwise known as the black plague spread extremely fast and there were many symptoms of the disease. A. There are many initial symptoms and symptoms before death of the black plague. Ã¢â¬Å"The Bubonic PlagueÃ¢â¬ E medicine. 24 December 2004. http://www.emedicine.com/emerg/topic428.htm , Velendzas, DemetresRead MoreBubonic Plague Research Paper1709 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesBubonic plague is an infectious disease that is spread by the bacteria Yersinia pestis. These bacteria remain in a dormant state primarily in a rat fleaÃ¢â¬â¢s foregut. Once the flea has bitten a victim it regurgitates the contents in its foregut into the bite location. Once the bacterium has entered into a mammalÃ¢â¬â¢s warm body it begins to reproduce and spread throughout the mammalÃ¢â¬â¢s body. The reproduction of this bacterium creates large painful swollen lymph nodes which are called buboes. Once these buboesRead MoreThe Black Death Essay1374 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Black Death Black Death, epidemic of pl ague which ravaged Europe in the mid-14th century. Various forms of plague were known in the civilized world since ancient times. Greek and Roman historians described outbreaks of an epidemic disease which were sudden and deadly: at Constantinople in the 6th century AD, for example, as much as half the population may have been killed. The outbreakRead MoreBlack Plague And The Black Epidemic1337 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesBlack Plague The Black Plague outbreak was one of the scariest events in human history. The people were afraid to do everyday activities and carry on with their normal routines. This plague is known to almost every person on Earth. Even as a kid, teachers tell their students about this plague. Even the thought of an outbreak like the Black Plague makes peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s skin crawl. I am included in that category. It has gotten to the point that when any outbreak of any type or kind of disease happensRead MoreThe Plague : The Great Plague1064 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesContaining a Pandemic: The Great Plague Although plague continues to emerge around the world, there was an outbreak so large in the medieval era that it threatened to wipe out entire continents. The vast devastation that began in Asia and spread to Europe is likely the most deadly pandemic in human history. There were many reasons for the lack of containment, from ignorance of its origin to the lack of anything to stop its deadly trail. The disease struck and killed with terrifying speed, leadingRead MoreBlack Death Dbq1206 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagestheir responses to the Black Death. The religion, demography, and interactions all contributed to the differentiation of Muslim and Christian reactions. Christians thought that the Black Death was sent from God as a punishment and blamed the Jews, while Muslims considered it a blessing and did not accuse any minority of initiating the outbreak. The entire reason that the Black Death even spread in the first place was because of interactions. Trade was the main way the plague spread, mainly in EuropeRead MoreThe Black Death Pandemic967 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages The Black Death: A Murderous Pandemic that Led Life to How it is Today The Black Death, a horrible pandemic plague that spread through all of Europe, taking 25,000,000 people along with it. In 1347, a mysterious pandemic appeared in the city-states of Italy just as Europe was recovering from famine. The Epidemic did not end until 1351 partly due to the belief of the people that this plague was spread through the air and was gods way of punishing them for their sins. Although this plague killedRead MoreIs Yersinia Pestis A Bacterial Infection Responsible For The Deaths Of Millions Of People?976 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesinfection responsible for the deaths of millions of people starting in the 1300Ã¢â¬â¢s and still continues to infect people to this day. This bacterial strain is the basis of three very serious and potentially fatal diseases: the Bubonic plague, the Pneumonic Plague, and the septicemic Plague. The difference between the plagues is primarily the location of the infection but the symptoms also vary as well. The bubonic plague attacks the Lymp hatic system whereas the Pneumonic plague focuses the respiratory systemRead MoreThe Plague Of The Bubonic Plague896 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesBlack Death The Bubonic Plague was likely the first semi-global pandemic that rightfully merits the name which means affecting all people. The period of time in which the disease wreaked havoc was also known as the Ã¢â¬Å"Black Death. Alexandere Yersin was a French bacteriologist and discovered the bacteria in Hong Kong This diabolical disease is characterized by both positive and negative outcomes for the few people that managed to survive the plague. The total number of people who died subsequently
Question: Discuss about the Security and Privacy Issues in Internet of Things. Answer: Introduction This report is based on topic of security and privacy issues in Internet of Things (IoT). It is a system of interrelated computing devices. Various devices that are used at personal and business level to perform different activities are connected through IoT. These devices can be home appliances, medical devices, computer devices, smart phones and other electronic devices, mechanical and digital machines. All these devices are connected through IoT and store and transfer data from one device to another. IoT is an enhanced version of information technology and it consists of various benefits. There are various industries that are frequently using IoT and these industries are manufacturing, utilities, hospitality, and healthcare, defense and banks etc. If at one side, IoT has some benefits, then on other side, it has some issues of security and privacy that are encountered by its users. Users send their personal data through devices that are connected with Inter of Things (IoT). Theref ore, security of these devices is necessary so that users can transfer their data without worry of hacking and phishing attacks. The purpose of making this report is to emphasize on challenges of security and privacy in IoT, its problems, its relevant technologies, impact of issues of IoT on real life of users and other essential points (Datafloq.com, 2017). Challenges of Security and Privacy in Internet of Things The essential challenges of security and privacy of Internet of Things are listed as below: Privacy Security Development Standards Privacy There are multiple devices are connected with IoT and with these devices huge amount of data is transferred over network by users. Therefore, privacy of this huge amount of data is a challenging factor for developers of IoT. Hackers always keep their eye on this type of networks that transfer hefty data and try to hack these networks. That is why, it is major accountability of hackers to maintain high level of privacy (Forbes.com, 2017). Security Another essential challenge of IoT is security of data. Hacking, malware attacks, phishing and data breaching etc. are commonly encountered security attacks and these are implemented on databases, networks and computer systems to access information in unauthorized way by cyber-criminals. In this case, if security of data will not be maintained in appropriately by IoT developers then it may cause problems of users (IoT Agenda, 2017). Development There are various emerging economies where it is promised by IoT to deliver effective social and economic benefits. But due to critical challenges of IoT and lack of market readiness, technical skills and policy requirements in these areas, IoT development is low among users in these areas. Therefore, it is also a challenging factor for IoT to manage its development in these particular areas (Meola, 2017). Standards There is lack of open standards in IoT for devices that are connected with it. Every device follows its own standards to transfer data over network. This thing causes conflicts in transferring data over different networks and it enhances chances of hacking attacks for its users. Problems of Internet of Things Besides above discussed challenges of Internet of Things, there are some problems of IoT that are necessary to discuss in this report (Olavsrud, 2017). The major problem of IoT is related to its nature. The devices that are connected with IoT are from different data sets and different data streams. Therefore, there is risk in management of data due to this diversity in nature. The monitoring or tracking of devices is also an essential problem of IoT. Due to wide size of applications of IoT, it becomes difficult in some cases to monitor and track these devices. Due to this, it is difficult to identify security issues in these devices. Relevant Technologies In above segments of report we have discussed about challenges and problems of IoT. The resolution of these problem is necessary and to do this relevant technologies are required to use that are listed as below: The maintenance of security of network is one of relevant technologies for handling problem of IoT. To securely transfer large amount of data through multiple IoT devices, maintenance of network security is important. Here networking monitoring tools can provide help to achieve high level of security. Encryption is also an essential technique that can be used by IoT for data security. By using encryption technique, whole data can be encrypted into unreadable form that is difficult for hackers to guess (Prophet Thinking, 2017). The authentication technique is also relevant to use for security purpose. If all devices that are IoT will be authorized for users with login credentials then risk of unauthorized access will be reduced (com, 2017). Applications of Technologies The above discussed relevant technologies can be used in every industry or company where IoT devices are used. The technologies will be helpful to maintain security and privacy of databases and networks into these companies and industries (Datamation.com, 2017). Clarification about Vague Areas and Research Questions In field of IoT, people have confusion about some points and during research we found queries of IoT users regarding its vague areas that are listed as below: Question 1: What is Interesting use of IoT? Answer: According to analysis, we got to know that the most interesting use of IoT is use of sensors. These sensors can be used to sense infective awareness in cities. Question 2: What are important factors to increased benefits of IoT? Answer: The most important factor of IoT that contributes to increase benefits of IoT is interoperability. Interoperability is required for programming of devices and sensors that have capability to handle connected devices (Forbes.com, 2017). Discussion It is an important segment of this report and here we will discuss in detail about issues of Internet of Things (IoT). Issues of IoT discussed in Forum The main issues of IoT that we have noticed in forum are related to security, privacy, standards and development. It is responsibility of IoT developers to monitor and control these issues of security and privacy by doing all potential efforts. Besides this issue, another important issue that we would like to discuss in this forum is of data breaching. This issue of security occurs due to physical inaccuracy of IoT infrastructure. If infrastructure will not be strong then it becomes easier for hackers to breach information by using hacking, phishing and malware attacks. Besides this, physical inaccuracy of IoT infrastructure also increases repetition access of data and high risk of security violation (Prophet Thinking, 2017). Discussion about Issues that is not discussed in this forum Various essential issues of IoT are discussed in this report that have become challenge to control or manage by IoT developers. There is also an essential reason that is not considered in forum is related to storage of data. Multiple devices are connected with Internet of Things (IoT) and huge data is transferred from different devices. If storage of data will not be done properly then it may cause conflicts in management and access of data. In this case, risk of insecurity will also be increased because cyber-criminals find opportunities to get weak storage system or network. With the increment in connected devices with IoT, this risk will be increased. To resolve this issue, some standards or policies are preset and according to these policies before storing any data, type of data and duration of requirement of data online will be checked. If data is no longer required then will be replaced. It means, only important information will be stored over IoT network (McKinsey Company, 20 17). Effect of discussed Issues and their Applications of Real Life The cyber-attacks on security and privacy on IoT devices and other threats and risk factors of security put great influence over real life of users. These devices contain personal and financial data of users in it. But if cyber-attacks will be implemented then users information will be affected. Hackers can access users information in unauthorized way by implementing cyber-attacks. If whole information will be lost then users will not trust to use IoT services and products. That is why, developers should use security tools and techniques to get rid of problems of security and privacy. This should be done at prior basis to keep trust of users or customers on IoT services (Network World, 2017). Important Lesson Learnt from above Discussion From above discussion we learnt that whether IoT is beneficial to use at workplaces or for personal usage, but if cannot provide proper security and privacy to its users then it will be useless and IT users will not prefer to work with this technology. With advancement in development of technology, area of security and privacy should also be maintained. The security professionals should concentrate on this essential point and also aware users about security and privacy maintenance at their own level. In this report, relevant technologies are discussed to control issues or challenges of IoT. The appropriate implementation of these technologies will be helpful to get high level security. The monitoring of network channels that are used to connect devices to IoT and for transferring data will be beneficial for developers to handle network problems (Mitchell, 2017). Conclusion At we conclude that it is an interesting discussion about security and privacy issues in Internet of Things. Through this discussion in this report, we got to know various essential points about IoT, its challenging factors and problems. The main point is application areas of IoT in different industries are required to be secured. This can be achieved with the help of advanced security tools and techniques. Otherwise, risk of loss of data will be increased. It is common that users do not care about security and privacy of their content while using a particular service. So it is responsibility of developers of that service to fully secure users content. This is an effective way to achieve high level security. References Datafloq.com. (2017). Three Major Challenges for the Internet of Things. Retrieved 13 May 2017, from https://datafloq.com/read/three-major-challenges-internet-of-things/83 Forbes.com. (2017). A Simple Explanation Of 'The Internet Of Things'. Retrieved 13 May 2017, from https://www.forbes.com/sites/jacobmorgan/2014/05/13/simple-explanation-internet-things-that-anyone-can-understand/#24a46e421d09 McKinsey Company. (2017). The Internet of Things. Retrieved 13 May 2017, from https://www.mckinsey.com/industries/high-tech/our-insights/the-internet-of-things Network World. (2017). Preparing for the Age of IoT. Retrieved 13 May 2017, from https://www.networkworld.com/article/3026315/internet-of-things/6-critical-issues-facing-the-internet-of-things.html IoT Agenda. (2017). What is Internet of Things (IoT)? - Definition from WhatIs.com. Retrieved 13 May 2017, from https://internetofthingsagenda.techtarget.com/definition/Internet-of-Things-IoT Meola, A. (2017). What is the Internet of Things (IoT)?. Business Insider. Retrieved 13 May 2017, from https://www.businessinsider.com/what-is-the-internet-of-things-definition-2016-8?IR=T Datamation.com.(2017). The Internet of Things: 7 Challenges - Datamation. Retrieved 13 May 2017, from https://www.datamation.com/data-center/the-internet-of-things-7-challenges.html Forbes.com. (2017). Forbes Welcome. Retrieved 13 May 2017, from https://www.forbes.com/sites/gilpress/2017/03/20/6-hot-internet-of-things-iot-security-technologies/#480bac6e1b49 Roe, D. (2017). 7 Big Problems with the Internet of Things. CMSWire.com. Retrieved 13 May 2017, from https://www.cmswire.com/cms/internet-of-things/7-big-problems-with-the-internet-of-things-024571.php Datamation.com. (2017). The Internet of Things: 7 Challenges - Datamation. Retrieved 13 May 2017, from https://www.datamation.com/data-center/the-internet-of-things-7-challenges.html Mitchell, R. (2017). 5 challenges of the Internet of Things | APNIC Blog. APNIC Blog. Retrieved 13 May 2017, from https://blog.apnic.net/2015/10/20/5-challenges-of-the-internet-of-things/ Prophet Thinking. (2017). Interoperability: The Challenge Facing the Internet of Things | Altimeter. Retrieved 13 May 2017, from https://www.prophet.com/thinking/2014/02/interoperability-the-challenge-facing-the-internet-of-things/ McKinsey Company. (2017). The Internet of Things: Five critical questions. Retrieved 13 May 2017, from https://www.mckinsey.com/industries/high-tech/our-insights/the-internet-of-things-five-critical-questions Olavsrud, T. (2017). 5 Key Challenges Facing the Industrial Internet of Things. CIO. Retrieved 13 May 2017, from https://www.cio.com/article/2872574/it-industry/5-key-challenges-facing-the-industrial-internet-of-things.html Security and Privacy Issues in Internet of Things Ã¢â¬â Free Samples Question: Discuss about the Security and Privacy Issues in Internet of Things. Answer: Introduction IoT is an abbreviation for Internet of Things and it is an umbrella that connects a number of different components to come up with an integrated and advanced application. The components that are involved in an IoT application include technologies, processes, networks, devices, appliances and people. Some of the interesting IoT applications that have already been implemented include home automation, office automation, smart parking applications and many more (Bhabad, 2015). Such an integration of all the components has brought a lot many advantages for the users as well as for the systems. Along with the benefits, there are also some of the risks and drawbacks that are also associated with IoT apps. Research Questions What are the several types of the security threats and risks in association with the applications that are based on IoT concept? What are the information properties that may have an impact due to these issues? What is the level of impact that can result out from the occurrence of a security risk? What are the applicable countermeasures that may be implemented in order to put a check on the security threats? Is it necessary to implement and look after the condition of physical security in association with an IoT app? Security and Privacy Issues: Confidentiality Attacks Eavesdropping The components that are involved in an IoT application include technologies, processes, networks, devices, appliances and people. Due to the presence of these components, there are several access and entry points that may be used for eavesdropping (Wood, 2016). Unauthorized Tracking Information does not stay at one point or location in an IoT application. It rather travels from one place to the other which leads to the emergence of a security risk related with unauthorized tracking of the exchange taking place. Data Mining Attacks Business Intelligence concepts are significant in association with IoT and data mining is one technology that holds a lot of importance. There are however numerous security attacks related to data mining that may be executed (Amato, 2016). Reconstruction Attacks Information may also be given a new shape which may lead to the loss of its meaning and value. These attacks are termed as the reconstruction attacks. Integrity Attacks Message Alteration Information integrity is one of the essential properties of the IoT application and it is necessary to allow only the authorized resources to make changes in the information. However, regular attempts are made to violate the integrity of the information by altering the messages that are transferred between the entities (Microsoft, 2016). Media Alteration Information integrity is one of the essential properties of the IoT application and it is necessary to allow only the authorized resources to make changes in the information. However, regular attempts are made to violate the integrity of the information by altering the media that is transferred between the entities (Aws, 2016). Availability Attacks Flooding Attacks Application availability on a non-stop basis is a must for experiencing enhanced user satisfaction. There are several flooding attacks that are given shape by the attackers to violate this property of information and application. Garbage data is introduced across the application channels to degrade its performance and availability (Nichols, 2016). Server Impersonating IoT applications involve many servers due to the presence of several components. Attackers make use of the form of attack as server impersonation to negatively impact the application availability. QoS Abuse Application quality and quality of all the associated services is essential for the applications. There are scenarios wherein Quality of Service (QoS) is degraded and abused by introducing several malware on the system (Panetta, 2016). Discussion with Peers Discussion on the security issues and threats with peers was done to understand their views and two of peers with details as ABC, Male, 32 and XYZ, Female 38 were involved in the discussion. They were also concerned with the issues around phishing and spoofing which have not been covered in the list of issues presented above. Apart from these two risks, there were similar problems that were discussed in terms of confidentiality attacks, integrity attacks and availability attacks. The discussion enabled the participants in the understanding of the security issues in a broader manner with enhancement of knowledge around the same. Impact of the Issues in Real Life Application availability on a non-stop basis is a must for experiencing enhanced user satisfaction. There are several attacks that are given shape by the attackers to violate this property of information and application. It is because of these attacks that the customer engagement and trust is violated and impacted. There can be legal consequences that may result from the occurrence of a security attack as the information properties get violated in case of a risk or an attack (Mahmoud, 2015). An organization is considered to deliver good performance only when there are minimum security risks reported. The frequency also decides the reputation of the organization in the market. However, the same gets violated if there are frequent attacks that take place. The impact is also considerable on the revenues and profits that are associated with the organization (Ko Dorantes, 2016). Lessons Learnt The most important lesson that was acquired from the discussion was the importance and significance of information in real life. Attacks on information can prove to be fatal and the measures that may be taken to prevent and avoid these attacks were also understood with the medium of discussion that was carried out. Countermeasures The countermeasures that can be applied to put a check on the security risks and issues are classified in different categories. There may be preventive measures, control measures, measures for detection and avoidance measures that can be taken to make sure that the risks and threats are avoided. The impact that results out of any of the availability attack is huge and therefore it is necessary to prevent these attacks. Prevention of these attacks can be done by implementation of anti-denial tools in the application itself that will nullify all the attempts of execution of the availability attacks on the system. It is essential to allow only the authenticated entities to access the application along with its back-end. Therefore, two-fold authentication shall be used along with other relevant measures (Lu, 2014). Network security shall be upgraded with the use of advanced tools and applications to track the activities on the network. These tools shall include the network monitoring tools, network reporting tools, network auditing tools and likewise. Cryptography is one of the advanced security measure that shall be applied in this case as it will convert all the information related with the IoT application in the form of cipher text which will be converted to its original form only with the use of a key. There are several packages that are available in the market for the detection and prevention of intruders on the application which shall be installed by the system experts to have a non-stop view of the activities on the application. Security of the devices and the appliances that are involved in the IoT application is required as these devices can be considered as a primary threat agent. Upgrading of the devices shall be done regularly. Also, the loss of the devices and appliances shall not take place. There shall also be enhancement done to the legal policies that are set up for the information and web application security. Basic measures to security shall never be ignored as it is these measures that ensure that the overall security architecture is strong and efficient enough to fight the security risks and attacks. Role of Physical Security There are several devices and appliances that are involved in the functioning and integration of the IoT applications. Physical security of these devices and appliances would be essential as the loss or damage to the device will directly impact the application and its performance. Physical security can be set up by making the users aware of the dangers that the loss of device will put on their information. Also, there shall be enhanced security on all the entry and exit points such as those for the data centres or network stations (Jing, 2014). Conclusion IoT is an umbrella that connects a number of different components to come up with an integrated and advanced application. The components that are involved in an IoT application include technologies, processes, networks, devices, appliances and people. There are several security risks and attacks that are possible on the IoT applications that may have a negative impact on the information and application availability, integrity and confidentiality. There can also be legal consequences that may result from the occurrence of a security attack as the information properties get violated in case of a risk or an attack. A particular organization is considered to deliver good performance only when there are minimum security risks reported. The frequency also decides the reputation of the organization in the market. However, the same gets violated if there are frequent attacks that take place. The countermeasures that can be applied to put a check on the security risks and issues are classifie d in different categories. There may be preventive measures, control measures, measures for detection and avoidance measures that can be taken to make sure that the risks and threats are avoided. There are several devices and appliances that are involved in the functioning and integration of the IoT applications. Physical security of these devices and appliances would be essential as the loss or damage to the device will directly impact the application and its performance. References Amato, N. (2016). The hidden costs of a data breach. Journal of Accountancy. Retrieved 3 May 2017, from https://www.journalofaccountancy.com/news/2016/jul/hidden-costs-of-data-breach-201614870.html Aws,. (2016). Overview of Security Processes. Retrieved 3 May 2017, from https://d0.awsstatic.com/whitepapers/aws-security-whitepaper.pdf Bhabad, M. (2015). Internet of Things: Architecture, Security Issues and Countermeasures. Retrieved 3 May 2017, from https://www.ijcaonline.org/research/volume125/number14/bhabad-2015-ijca-906251.pdf Jing, Q. (2014). Security of the Internet of Things: perspectives and challenges. Retrieved 3 May 2017, from https://csi.dgist.ac.kr/uploads/Seminar/1407_IoT_SSH.pdf Ko, M. Dorantes, C. (2016). The impact of information security breaches on financial performance of the breached firms: An empirical investigation. Retrieved 3 May 2017, from https://jitm.ubalt.edu/XVII-2/article2.pdf Lu, C. (2014). Overview of Security and Privacy Issues in the Internet of Things. Retrieved 3 May 2017, from https://www.cse.wustl.edu/~jain/cse574-14/ftp/security.pdf Mahmoud, R. (2015). Internet of things (IoT) security: Current status, challenges and prospective measures - IEEE Xplore Document. Ieeexplore.ieee.org. Retrieved 3 May 2017, from https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/7412116/ Microsoft,. (2016). Microsoft Core Infrastructure Optimization: IT Security Processes - Best Practices for Business IT. Microsoft.com. Retrieved 3 May 2017, from https://www.microsoft.com/india/infrastructure/capabilities/itprocesses.mspx Nichols, A. (2016). A Perspective on Threats in the Risk Analysis Process. Sans.org. Retrieved 3 May 2017, from https://www.sans.org/reading-room/whitepapers/auditing/perspective-threats-risk-analysis-process-63 Panetta, K. (2016). Gartner's Top 10 Security Predictions 2016 - Smarter With Gartner. Smarter With Gartner. Retrieved 3 May 2017, from https://www.gartner.com/smarterwithgartner/top-10-security-predictions-2016/ Wood, P. (2016). Social hacking: The easy way to breach network security. ComputerWeekly. Retrieved 3 May 2017, from https://www.computerweekly.com/tip/Social-hacking-The-easy-way-to-breach-network-security